By Ina R. Hark
Most likely no decade observed as many adjustments within the Hollywood movie and its product because the Thirties did. in the beginning of the last decade, the was once nonetheless being affected by the transition to speaking images. Gangster movies and naughty comedies starring Mae West have been well known in city parts, yet aroused threats of censorship within the heartland. no matter if the movie enterprise may perhaps continue to exist the industrial results of the Crash used to be up within the air. through 1939, popularly referred to as "Hollywood's maximum Year," motion pictures like long gone With the Wind and The Wizard of ounces used either colour and sound to staggering impression, and stay American icons this present day. The "mature oligopoly" that was once the studio procedure had not just weathered the melancholy and develop into a part of mainstream tradition in the course of the institution and enforcement of the creation Code, it used to be a well-oiled, vertically built-in commercial powerhouse. the 10 unique essays in American Cinema of the Thirties specialize in sixty various motion pictures of the last decade, together with Dracula, the general public Enemy, difficulty in Paradise, forty second highway, King Kong, Imitation of existence, The Adventures of Robin Hood, Swing Time, Angels with soiled Faces, not anything Sacred, Jezebel, Mr. Smith is going to Washington, and Stagecoach.
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Additional info for American Cinema of the 1930s: Themes and Variations (Screen Decades: American Culture American Cinema)
Retaining the ability to cut within scenes served as a corrective to the slower pacing made necessary by dialogue, which could render ﬁlms too static. In a scene in which Steve proclaims his love for Judy in the prison yard, Ford makes use of multi-camera set-ups for both of these reasons, to retain the viewer access of classical editing and to energize the pacing of his narrative. Since the men and women are segregated in the prison, the couple talk through a gate of steel bars. Much of the conversation is shown in a medium long two-shot, and the take needs to be fairly long (forty-six seconds) to give Steve a chance to explain his feelings.
1930 — MOVIES AND SOCIAL DIFFERENCE 27 During this year the adoption of and ongoing adaptation to synchronized sound promoted the development of certain genres that beneﬁted from the new technology. Noting that this occurred during a period of grave economic crisis, Andrew Bergman points out that Hollywood responded to the effects of the Depression on American society in that its movies “depicted things lost or things desired” (xii). Jonathan Munby is more speciﬁc in describing this connection between Hollywood and the effects of the Depression: “Such circumstances enhanced the appeal of stories and characters that debunked older Hollywood fantasies and gestured toward a grittier truth” (Public Enemies 43).
Drought, especially in the Midwest, Great Plains, and South, hit agricultural production hard. Late summer rainfall in those regions dropped 40 percent below normal, resulting in food shortages and hardship for many of the eleven million Americans who lived in rural areas (Watkins 64). Despite such severe economic problems, box ofﬁce for Hollywood ﬁlms stayed strong. While national income dropped sharply, attendance at motion pictures reached an all-time high of eighty million per week (Balio 13).
American Cinema of the 1930s: Themes and Variations (Screen Decades: American Culture American Cinema) by Ina R. Hark