By Michael Lynch
The second one variation of this best-selling identify has been revised and up to date to mirror the wishes of the present necessities. The name charts China's amazing and tumultuous improvement from the institution of the People's Republic in 1949 to Mao's dying in 1976. The ebook examines the common social and financial switch that resulted from the Communist revolution, together with the adjustments to agriculture, the five-year plans and the hundred-flowers crusade. It then is going directly to examine the explanations for the Cultural Revolution and its legacy. moreover the writer analyzes Mao's prestige as a political chief and his significance within the family advancements of China from 1949 to seventy six. during the e-book, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and historic interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and knowing of the interval, and exam-style questions and assistance for every exam board give you the chance to increase examination abilities.
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Extra info for Access To History. The People's Republic of China 1949-76
The ambiguity arose from Mao’s not fully understanding the situation; he remained in the dark regarding Stalin’s motives. Stalin calculated that if the North Koreans could take the South and thus bring the whole of Korea under Communist control, the beneﬁts to the USSR would be considerable. The USA would have been humiliated and the Soviet Union would have acquired a very powerful position in the Far East at very little cost to itself. 30 | The People’s Republic of China 1949–76 SOVIET UNION North Korean invasion June–September 1950 UN offensive September–November 1950 CHINA Chinese Communist offensive November 1950 N CHINA Farthest UN advance November 1950 NORTH KOREA Sea of Japan Pyongyang Wonsan Truce line 1953 38th parallel Seoul SOUTH KOREA Inchon landing 15 September 1950 Pohang-dong Kunsan Yellow Sea UN defensive line September 1950 Masan Pusan Tsushima 0 50 Honshu 100 a km Map of the Korean War 1950–3.
From 1958 we decided to make self-reliance our major policy. It was in order to achieve that self-reliance that Mao embarked on the Great Leap Forward. 2 | The Reform of Industry • First, the collectivised peasants, working in their communes, would produce a surplus of food that could be sold abroad to raise money for the expansion of Chinese industry. • Second, the workers would create, literally with their own hands, a modern industrial economy, powerful enough to compete with the Soviet Union and the capitalist West.
Enthusiasm not skill was the basic requirement. People would develop successful techniques as they went along. It would be a glorious example of ‘learning by doing’. At Mao’s command, the Chinese people rushed to build their little furnaces. It became a national movement. The sky at night was reddened by the ﬂames of millions of kilns. In daytime large areas of China were covered by a pall of smoke that sometimes obscured the noonday sun. Foreigners in China were amazed by the scale and intensity of the people’s response.
Access To History. The People's Republic of China 1949-76 by Michael Lynch