By Ervand Abrahamian
In a reappraisal of Iran's sleek historical past, Ervand Abrahamian lines its demanding trip around the 20th century, in the course of the discovery of oil, imperial interventions, the rule of thumb of the Pahlavis and, in 1979, revolution and the delivery of the Islamic Republic. within the intervening years, the rustic has skilled a sour battle with Iraq, the transformation of society lower than the clergy and, extra lately, the growth of the nation and the fight for energy among the previous elites, the intelligentsia and the industrial center type. the writer is a compassionate expositor. whereas he adroitly negotiates the twists and turns of the country's local and foreign politics, on the center of his publication are the folk of Iran. it really is to them and their resilience that this e-book is devoted, as Iran emerges firstly of the twenty-first century as probably the most strong states within the heart East.
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Extra resources for A History of Modern Iran
It is clear, therefore, that in Persia the Central Government has but a most meager knowledge either of the revenues which it could expect to receive, or of the justice or injustice of the apportionment of the taxes among the people of Persia. 2 million) in the late 1890s – 80 percent came from the land tax. 7 Expenditures went mostly to the court – its stables, workshops, guards, cavalry, and pensions. They also went to state granaries and subsidies for clerical and tribal leaders. 5 million to the clergy and the accountants, 600,000 to the Qajar khans, and 1 million to the foreign ministry.
He claimed to have come to herald Judgment Day and the reappearance of the Mahdi. Although he was executed and his followers were mercilessly persecuted as heretics, especially after they tried to assassinate Nasser al-Din Shah in 1852, the movement managed to survive under the Bab’s heir who took the name Baha’allah (Glory of God) and preached strict abstinence from all active politics. He declared himself to be the Hidden Imam as well as Christ, with an entirely new message propagating social reform as well as respect for established authority.
This tenth-century epic continues to be widely read into the modern age. Although national identity is often deemed to be a modern invention, the Shahnameh refers to Iran by name more than one thousand times, and the whole epic can be read as a mythical history of the Iranian nation. Among Iranians – as among some other Middle Eastern peoples – national awareness seems to have long preceded the modern era. Of course, how it was expressed and who articulated it has not always remained constant. Despite continuities, the twentieth century brought profound changes in almost all aspects of Iranian life.
A History of Modern Iran by Ervand Abrahamian