By John McHugo
From Algeria and Libya to Egypt and Syria, the Arab global instructions Western headlines, while its advanced politics and cultures elude the take hold of of such a lot Western readers and commentators. maybe no different zone is so heavily associated with modern U.S. international coverage, and nowhere else does the unfolding of occasions have such major effects for America.
The Arabs: A Concise background argues that the most important to realizing the Arab international today—and within the years ahead—is unlocking its prior. John McHugo takes the reader on a trip in the course of the political, social, and highbrow historical past of the Arabs from the Roman Empire correct as much as the current day. His sweeping and fluent account describes in bright aspect the venture of the Prophet Muhammad, the growth of Islam, the origins of Shiism, medieval and smooth conflicts, the autumn of the Ottoman Empire, the interplay with Western rules, the fight to flee international domination, the increase of Islamism, and the top of the period of dictators.
McHugo unearths how the Arab global got here to have its current shape, why switch used to be inevitable, and what offerings lie forward following the Arab Spring. This deeply proficient and obtainable account is the fitting access aspect for a person trying to understand this important a part of the realm.
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Though anxious to avoid all contact with the “rotten West,” and being in constant fear of European political movements, the Russian Government was nevertheless ready to seize upon the relics of “enlightened absolutism” which were still stalking about, particularly in Austria, in the early decades of the nineteenth century. As far as Prussia was concerned, the abundance of assimilated and converted Jews in that country and their attempts at religious reform, which to a missionary’s imagination were identical with a change of front in favor of Christianity, had a fascination of its own for the Russian dignitaries.
The inquiry of the Ministry of the Interior regarding the feasibility of such an “assortment” met with a strongly-worded rebuttal from the governor-general of New Russia, Vorontzov. While on a leave of absence in London, this Russian dignitary, who had evidently been affected by English ideas, prepared a memorandum and sent it, in October, 1843, to St. Petersburg with the request to have it submitted to the Tzar. I venture to think—quoth Vorontzov with reference to the projected segregation of the “useless” Jews—that the application of the term “useless” to several hundred thousand people who by the will of the Almighty have lived in this Empire from ancient times is in itself both cruel and unjust.
At all events, it was followed by some mitigation of their disabilities, serving, so to speak, as an earnest of the grant of equal rights. 1 In Russia the very reverse took place. The introduction of military conscription of a most aggravating kind and the unspeakable cruelties attending its practical execution were followed, in the case of the Jews, by an unprecedented recrudescence of legislative discrimination and a monstrous increase of their disabilities. The Jews were lashed with a double knout, a military and a civil.
A Concise History of the Arabs by John McHugo